Commonly reported migraine triggers include alcohol especially red wine and beer , chocolate, aged cheese, cured meats, smoked fish, yeast extract, food preservatives that contain nitrates and nitrites, artificial sweeteners, and monosodium glutamate MSG. There are a few important things to remember about migraine food triggers:. Foods and supplements in the management of migraine headaches. Clin J Pain ; Some recommendations are:.
In addition to the basics of a healthy diet, there are a few things to think about if you have migraines:. Department of Agriculture and U. Government Printing Office, December Rockett, F.
Using Your Diet as a Migraine Therapy
Dietary aspects of migraine trigger factors. Health Essentials from Cleveland Clinic. Accessed November 10, A majority of patients with migraine have tried using minerals, herbs, and vitamins to treat their headaches. Because these complementary and alternative treatments can affect pain pathways and other body functions similar to prescription medications, it is important to be aware of the nature of these supplements, including potential side effects and the quality of evidence supporting their use for migraine prevention. Riboflavin vitamin B2 was studied as a migraine preventive in a few small trials and found to be potentially helpful in preventing migraine in adults.
However, two pediatric studies with riboflavin did not show any benefit in children. The recommended dose in adults is mg of riboflavin per day, and it can take at least two to three months to see benefit. Coenzyme Q10 CoQ10 is an antioxidant important for many basic cell functions, and has been studied in migraine prevention. Based on the available studies, the AAN considers CoQ10 to be possibly helpful in migraine prevention level C evidence. Even more, the guidelines by the Canadian Headache Society strongly recommend its use despite the low-quality evidence because it is well tolerated.
Side effects of CoQ10 are rare, and can include loss of appetite, upset stomach, nausea, and diarrhea. Similar to riboflavin, it can take three months to see benefit. Magnesium is a mineral that is important for a number of body functions, and binds to specific receptors in the brain involved in migraine.
Low brain magnesium has been associated with migraine aura. Studies suggest magnesium supplementation can be helpful for migraine with aura and menstrually-related migraine. Both the AAN and Canadian guidelines recommend its use for migraine prevention, either as oral magnesium citrate mg daily or by eating more magnesium rich foods. Petasites, an herb from the butterbur shrub, has been shown to be helpful in reducing migraine frequency in three randomized, placebo-controlled studies. In these studies, the optimal dose was mg per day and it took three months to see headache improvement.
For that reason, it has been deemed effective in preventing migraine by the AAN. Feverfew is an herb sometimes used in migraine prevention. There have only been a limited number of studies, however, and they have given conflicting results. The AAN guidelines give feverfew a second-line, level B recommendation for migraine prevention, supporting the idea that it is probably helpful. Side effects can include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Chewing raw feverfew can cause mouth sores, loss of taste, and swelling of the lips, tongue, and mouth.
Feverfew can also increase the risk of bleeding, especially in individuals already on blood-thinning medications or aspirin. Feverfew should not be used during pregnancy. In conclusion, there are many different herbs, vitamins, and minerals that can be helpful in preventing migraine. Regardless of which one is tried, patients must be upfront with their physicians about using such supplements and keep in mind that it can take two to three months of consistent use to see benefit.
In addition, women who are pregnant or considering pregnancy should discuss with their physician prior to using any supplements for migraine. Tepper SJ. Neutraceutical and other modalities for the treatment of headache.
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Continnum ;21 4 Being overweight or obese makes it more likely to have migraine or worsening migraine. To see how your weight measures up, you can learn your body mass index BMI by entering your height and weight here:. Many different weight loss plans have helped overweight and obese migraine patients improve their symptoms.
These include low-calorie diets and exercise, low carbohydrate diets, and weight loss surgery. Weight loss surgery may be an option if your BMI is greater than 35, depending on your health. The effect of body fat mass and fat free mass on migraine headache. Iran J Neurol. J Nutr. Calculate your Body Mass Index.
Ornello, R. Migraine and body mass index categories: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Impact of a weight loss program on migraine in obese adolescents. In the meantime, there are things you can try to help calm or quiet your anxiety….
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29 Foods That Can Trigger Migraine
Read on to learn more about mobility devices for secondary…. Secondary progressive multiple sclerosis SPMS can cause changes in memory and other cognitive abilities. Usually these changes are mild, but they…. Migraine symptoms Foods to eat Migraine triggers Foods to avoid Other migraine treatments Takeaway Share on Pinterest If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. Is there a connection between diet and migraine?
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What does a migraine feel like? What foods are good for migraines? What can trigger a migraine? What foods can trigger migraines? How else are migraines treated? How to Fall Asleep in 10, 60, or Seconds. Do You Live with Anxiety? Here Are 11 Ways to Cope. Read this next. Medically reviewed by Nancy Hammond, MD. A Perfect Storm It's possible that certain foods, or a combination of foods, create an inflammatory state in your body, which then lowers the migraine threshold, allowing for other triggers to induce a migraine attack.
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The Mediterranean Diet. Participants were randomly placed in one of two groups:. Group 1 followed four weeks of a low-fat vegan diet followed by 12 weeks of continuing the diet, but also eliminating common migraine trigger foods. Was this page helpful?
9 Migraine Diet Dos and Don’ts
Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Continue Reading. Is Caffeine a Migraine Trigger? Strategies for Managing Your Migraines Naturally. Learn to Recognize Your Migraine Triggers. How to Cope With Migraines. How to Prevent Your Migraines. Migraine at Work?